Energy Efficiency Policies and Practices in North Dakota

Residential and Commercial Sectors

Residential and commercial buildings account for 40% of energy use in the country.  These buildings where we live and work are affected by policies that provide minimum construction standards that reduce energy waste, provide financing options to help pay for energy upgrades, promote advancing energy efficiency through high-performance buildings that go beyond minimum requirements and techniques for taking advantage of the latest technologies in energy monitoring and control, and that ensure that as buildings become tighter that the health and safety of occupants are maintained.

Building Energy Codes in North Dakota

Code Level

Residential Energy Code

None statewide

2009 IECC, with amendments (effective 1/1/2011) VOLUNTARY

North Dakota State Building Code

Commercial Energy Code

None statewide

2009 IECC, with amendments (effective 1/1/2011) VOLUNTARY

North Dakota State Building Code


Authorized by Statute. The energy codes that were previously in place, the 1993 MEC and ASHRAE 90.1-1989, were removed from state law by SB 2352 in 2009 and the energy code was placed under the State Building Code. As of 2011, the State Building Code is the IBC for commercial buildings and the IRC for residential buildings. Sections N1101.2 and 1301.1.1 specify the 2009 IECC as the energy requirement, and allow the substitution of Chapter 11 of the IRC. 

As a Home Rule state, the State Building Code in North Dakota applies only to jurisdictions that choose to adopt it, and to all state and local government buildings, and public and private schools. Jurisdictions that do adopt the code are free to amend it to "conform to local needs."

Oversight – The North Dakota Division of Community Services (DCS) is assigned the responsibility of updating and amending the North Dakota State Building Code.

Code change process – Regulatory and Legislative. Changes to the state energy code must first be processed through the North Dakota Division of Community Services. After a review by the Division of Community Services, changes are processed through a technical review committee composed of building officials, design professionals, and other applicable organizations and then through a series of public hearings. Rules and regulations associated with a new code are established through the Administrative Practices Act.

Code change cycle – none specified. New editions of the code can be reviewed as they become available but there is no obligation to adopt.


Enforcement The DCS is not involved in the enforcement of the State Building Code. Enforcement of any building code is the responsibility of jurisdictions that elect to adopt and enforce them, or to the parties with jurisdiction over the schools or government buildings (to which the code still applies) in jurisdictions that have not adopted the code.

Implementation/Compliance Studies – The Building Codes Assistance Project is not aware of any compliance or implementation studies in North Dakota.

► Overview of building energy codes in the Midwest

Home Performance

In addition to building energy codes, states and utilities are often looking for ways to take buildings "beyond code" and achieve higher levels of energy savings. Home performance programs are becoming widespread in the region and offer a good best-practices example of a next step beyond baseline building energy code for states and utilities that are interested in achieving additional energy savings in residential buildings.

Summary of Home Peformance Programs in North Dakota
  Administrator Program Audit Fee Maximum Customer Benefit
North Dakota North Dakota has not yet implemented any home performance programs.

► Overview of home performance programs in the Midwest


Read the report that accompanies these pages:
Energy Efficiency Policies, Programs, and Practices in the Midwest:
A Resource Guide for Policymakers (2014 Edition)

►more information about the Resource Guide