Energy Efficiency Policies and Practices in Minnesota

Residential and Commercial Sectors

Residential and commercial buildings account for 40% of energy use in the country.  These buildings where we live and work are affected by policies that provide minimum construction standards that reduce energy waste, provide financing options to help pay for energy upgrades, promote advancing energy efficiency through high-performance buildings that go beyond minimum requirements and techniques for taking advantage of the latest technologies in energy monitoring and control, and that ensure that as buildings become tighter that the health and safety of occupants are maintained.

Building Energy Codes in Minnesota

Code Level

Residential Energy Code

2012 IRECC

(approximately equivalent in stringency to the 2006 IECC)

2007 Minnesota State Building Code

Commercial Energy Code

ASHRAE 90.1 – 2010

2007 Minnesota State Building Code


Authorized by Statute. The Minnesota State Building Code is found in Minnesota Statutes Chapter 326B. The Energy Code is authorized by Section 326B.118. Administrative rules for the residential energy code are found in Minnesota Administrative Rules 1322 and rules for the commercial code are found in Minnesota Administrative Rules 1323.

Oversight – The Energy Codes in Minnesota are currently overseen by the Department of Labor and Industry (DLI), Construction Codes and Licensing Division (CCLD).

Code change process – Regulatory. The state building commissioner, along with the Construction Codes Advisory Council, is responsible for reviewing and adopting model energy codes. Rules changes are reviewed by the Governor's office and the State Revisor's Office before being published in the State Register.

Code change cycle – no set code change cycle.


Enforcement Local jurisdictions that have adopted the energy code are responsible for enforcing it in their jurisdiction, under the authority of the CCLD. Under Administrative Rules 1302.0950, the state building official has jurisdiction in areas that have not adopted the code municipally and where the comissioner determines that implementation and enforcement are not being done properly.

Implementation/Compliance Studies – The Building Codes Assistance Project is not currently aware of any implementation or compliance studies in Minnesota.

► Overview of building energy codes in the Midwest

Home Performance

In addition to building energy codes, states and utilities are often looking for ways to take buildings "beyond code" and achieve higher levels of energy savings. Home performance programs are becoming widespread in the region and offer a good best-practices example of a next step beyond baseline building energy code for states and utilities that are interested in achieving additional energy savings in residential buildings.

Summary of Home Peformance Programs in Minnesota
  Administrator Program Audit Fee Maximum Customer Benefit
Minnesota Xcel Energy Home Performance with Energy Star $60 standard;
$100 with infrared
$1200 in rebates

► Overview of home performance programs in the Midwest


Read the report that accompanies these pages:
Energy Efficiency Policies, Programs, and Practices in the Midwest:
A Resource Guide for Policymakers (2014 Edition)

►more information about the Resource Guide