Beyond simply enacting legislation and regulations to advance energy efficiency within the state's residential, commercial, and industrial sectors, state (as well as county and municipal) governments can also provide vision and leadership for their constituents.
Leading by Example
By having an agency dedicated to energy policies, setting goals for reduction of energy use by state agencies, establishing high standards for the efficiency of state-owned and operated buildings, and implementing policies that promote energy efficiency in public-service buildings, government demonstrate the value of energy efficiency and reduce the amount of the state's revenue that is spent on energy purchases. Every Midwestern state has a state energy office and many have adopted other policies aimed at managing the state’s energy consumption as well as encouraging others to follow its lead.
State Energy Office
The Michigan Energy Office operates as a division of the Michigan Economic Development Corporation, under the Michigan Department of Career Development.
The Michigan Energy Office (MEO) promotes energy efficiency and renewable energy resource development to Michigan's residents, businesses and public institutions... Program activities are designed to encourage the use of new technologies and alternative fuels in buildings, industrial processes, vehicles and in power generation. Program objectives are advanced through a variety of services, including information dissemination, technical assistance, financial assistance and demonstration projects. The primary funding source for Michigan Energy Office (MEO) activities is the U.S. Department of Energy.
Visit the Michigan Energy Office. Check out NASEO's profile for Michigan.
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State Energy Plan or Vision
2007's Michigan 21st Century Energy Plan (21CEP) was an extensive collaborative process led by the Department of Labor and Economic Growth (now Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs) that assessed Michigan's future energy needs and laid out a plan for meeting that need through resource planning, renewable energy, and energy efficiency. The 21CEP process led to the 2008 adoption of Public Act 295, which created RPS and EERS standards for Michigan.
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State Agency Energy Reduction Requirement
Public Act 295, Sec. 131 (MCL 460.1131) sets forth a goal of 25% reduction of grid-based energy use by the state government by 2015. Sec. 133 (MCL 460.1133) requires state departments to establish energy reduction coordinators to work with the state energy office and the state budget office to reduce energy use and requires the training of state employees in energy conservation.
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EE in New State Buildings
Public Act 295, Sec. 131 (MCL 460.1131) set forth a goal of reduction of state governement energy use by 25% by 2015, based on the 2002 baseline. The State Energy Office, along with the Department of Management and Budget, under Sec. 133 (MCL 460.1133), must establish a program for auditing state owned and leased buildings every 5 years and recommending a plan for reducing energy use. This audit and recommendations for reducing energy usage must take into account the costs and benefits of meeting LEED green building standards, while also considering historical, architectural, or cultural significance of a building.
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Recognition or Award Program
Under Governor Granholm's Executive Directive No. 2007-22, the Department of Environmental Quality was instructed to award the Governor's Award for Excellence in Energy Efficiency to annually recognize and reward state department or agency progress in implementing cost-effective energy efficiency and conservation measures to achieve energy savings. (This Directive was an update to Executive Directive No. 2005-4, which established the Award, and the language of that section of the earlier Directive is unchanged in the later one.)
It is unclear, however, if this Award has ever been granted as no information about the award is found at the Department of Environmental Quality, the State Energy Office, or other Michigan agencies, nor via extensive web searching. Unlike Executive Orders, Executive Directives in Michigan do not bear the force of law and do not carry over under new administrations unless rescinded. It is unlikely that this Award is now, or has ever truly been in effect.
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