Energy Efficiency Policies and Practices in Michigan

Residential and Commercial Sectors

Residential and commercial buildings account for 40% of energy use in the country.  These buildings where we live and work are affected by policies that provide minimum construction standards that reduce energy waste, provide financing options to help pay for energy upgrades, promote advancing energy efficiency through high-performance buildings that go beyond minimum requirements and techniques for taking advantage of the latest technologies in energy monitoring and control, and that ensure that as buildings become tighter that the health and safety of occupants are maintained.

Building Energy Codes in Michigan

Code Level

Residential Energy Code

2015 IECC

Michigan Uniform Energy Code (MUEC)

Commercial Energy Code

ASHRAE 90.1-2007 (effective 3/9/2011)

Michigan Uniform Energy Code (MUEC)


Authorized by Statute. The Stille-Derossett-Hale Single State Construction Code Act (Act 230 of 1972; MCL 125.1501 - 125.1531) and its subsequent amendments cover building codes in the State of Michigan. Section 125.1504(3)(f) orders the promulgation of an energy code, and Section 125.1504(3)(g) requires that code be reviewed periodically to seek more cost-effective efficiency. Administrative rules for the general building and residential codes are found at Construction Code Part 4 (R 408.30401 - 408.30547).  Administrative rules for commercial buildings under the MUEC are found at Construction Code Part 10 (R 408.31001 - 408.31086 ) and for residential buildings at Construction Code Part 10a (R 408.31087 - 408.31099).

Oversight – Code oversight in Michigan is by the Bureau of Construction Codes, in the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA).

Code change process – Regulatory. The Bureau of Construction Codes reviews and revises the MUEC. 

Code change cycle – Every three years, following the model code upgrades, by statute (MCL 125.1504(5)).


Enforcement Local jurisdictions are required to enforce the energy code. The Bureau of Code Construction interprets the rules and enforces in jurisdictions where they have authority.

Implementation/Compliance Studies – The Building Code Awareness Project has completed compliance studies for Michigan and reports that DOE-funded compliance studies are also ongoing.

► Overview of building energy codes in the Midwest

Home Performance

In addition to building energy codes, states and utilities are often looking for ways to take buildings "beyond code" and achieve higher levels of energy savings. Home performance programs are becoming widespread in the region and offer a good best-practices example of a next step beyond baseline building energy code for states and utilities that are interested in achieving additional energy savings in residential buildings.

Summary of Home Peformance Programs in Illinois
  Administrator Program Audit Fee Maximum Customer Benefit
Michigan Consumers Energy Home Performance with Energy Star $50
(Option 1)
Comprehensive home assessment, with rebates up to $5000 (Option 2)

► Overview of home performance programs in the Midwest


Read the report that accompanies these pages:
Energy Efficiency Policies, Programs, and Practices in the Midwest:
A Resource Guide for Policymakers (2014 Edition)

►more information about the Resource Guide